Ten Commandments–Seventh Commandment

You shall not commit adultery (NIV : Exodus 20:14)

1. In Merriam- Webster defines adultery as :

Voluntary sexual intercourse between an married man and someone other that his wife or between a married woman and someone other than her husband.

2.  There are 3 premises that need to fulfill to commit adultery:

a.sexual intercourse between
b.married man or woman
c.and a person who is not their spouse

3. Here, Oxford define a marriage as

The legally or formally recognized union of man and woman as a partner in relationship. (Oxford)

4. As the definition are quite brief, I need to improve the definition as:

The legally or formally recognized union of man and woman as a partner in relationship to permit sexual intercourse and other related activities in term of raising children, physical activities, economical, love and mentally needs that can not be obtain through other type of relationship (friends, colleague, etc) .

5. Why I need to emphasize on the definition? I need to emphasize because I need to differentiate a relationship between friends, partners, classmate, etc. Even though, in certain situation, this relationship are interconnect with each other. Therefore, it is important to define the type of relationship in proper ways.

6. almost races or culture, it was acceptable to understand that marriage is a legal binding contract to permit sexual activities that later happen to be a reproductive activities of human being intentionally or unintentionally. This activities shall comes in one package with term, condition and responsibility. Foremost, this is factual condition that need to be understand.

7. Here, I not intent to go through the term and condition as our topic do not permit it to do so. I just want to emphasize on 2 item – honesty and trust.

8. In marriage, honesty and trust was important thing to be consider. It is a mutual understanding for both partner need to be consider before getting marriage, without it, marriage life a empty. When we understand this, we should understand that committing adultery is “too much” to be accepted. This action itself is a breach of legal binding of marriage.

9. As a family is a nucleus society in bigger society. It is important to have a basic understanding of family rules and regulation to be provided. Without a good family regulation, the society itself is collapsing.

Ten Commandments–Sixth Commandment

Thou shalt not kill

1. The reference from this commandment are taken from verse in Exodus:

13 “You shall not murder. (NIV Exodus 20:13)

A direct commandment from the Bible.

2. Before we go any further, let we understand the word, murder. In Oxford dictionary stated the meaning of murder as:

noun –  (1) the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another:
verb – (1) kill (someone) unlawfully and with premeditation:

Both noun and verb have a similar condition to determined the word “murder”. This condition are (1) premeditation (2) unlawful. It only applied to human being with term and condition to be meet. It sound like “taking one life” are allowed when term and condition are being meet. Even, it sound “cruel”, it more straight, honest and truthful.

3.  Another word that we should consider is “kill”. In Oxford dictionary stated the meaning of kill as:

verb – (1) cause the death of (a person, animal, or other living thing) : (2) put an end to or cause the failure or defeat of (something)
noun – (1) an act of killing, especially of one animal by another:

The word kill is more general and applied to human being and animals without any term and condition. This is considering an absolute “blood shed are not allowed at any condition”. If the Christian who prefer to use this word “kill, he should be a vegetarian, if not, he just joke with his religion. Even, it was a declaration of “peace”, it was hypocrite statement.

4.  I remember talking to a friend who are Buddhist that have similar idea where he think “blood shed are not allowed in any condition”. The conversation held in dining table while eating all kind of meats and fishes. He said to me, “I think slaughtering animal is cruel and not civilize”. The I reply, “You are currently eating red meats”. He reply, “It OK, as long we don’t killed it”. My Muslim friend who sit next to me, notice my intention from my reply are to corner him right away and he (Muslim’s friend) glare to me to end the conversation.

5.  From the conversation, I do understand that, even people said “blood shed are not allowed in any condition”. They will justify the sentence in proxy system. It mean, if other people kill animal for him, he himself is are not a killer. He is correct, he not hold any knife or slaughtering any animal, but everyone know that he is supporting the action of killing the animal by eating it. He manipulating the sentence to justify his action.

6.  Before this, I never notice the different between this 2 words in English.  Referring to biblehub, both word are being used in the interpretation or translation. From this explanation, we can understand how a similar word change the meaning and interpretation of the verse.

7.  Before that, we should question people who said they are pacifist. What they mean if the condition happen as below.

    • When some ruler are killing the innocent people without any reason. What should pacifist do? Stand still and do nothing or shout “Don’t kill innocent man” in public?
    • A killer threat to kill you in event of robbery. In defense of our life, what you should do?
    • A lunatic want to rape your daughter or yourself. Are you have a right to defense yourself with any mean?

Above is sometime called as accidental or defense killing, and it was not classify as murder in any law in the world.

7.  In today world, we always heard that “Western are Pacifist”, “European are Peaceful People”, and “Islam is Terrorist”. Let look on our history of Southeast Asia, India, Middle East, Central Asia, China, etc. Based on their history, do they are pacifist? They keep blaming each other, Christian or Atheist or Nazi. From our view (non-White, not Christian, non- Atheist), they are just the same.

8.  As long as the human require or striving for power, lust, gold, luxury, etc. As long the characteristic of human are envious, malicious, wicked, and anger. Peace are just a word of worth nothing.

9.  Which ever meaning that you refer: “You shall not murder.” or “You shall not kill”, without sincerity in understanding and steadfast with the verse. The verse itself is meaningless.

“Say: Indeed I have been commanded to worship Allah making the Din sincerely for Him alone.” [Al-Qur’an 39:11]

Wallahu a’lam

Ten Commandments–Fifth Commandment

Honour thy father and thy mother

1.  The quoted verse is like this:

Honour your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you. — Exodus 20:12 (NIV)

2.  First thing, we must define the word “father” and “mother”. I would like to give a simple definition – father and mother is the one who giving you birth i.e “blood mother and father”. I hope we not referring to Father, The God or Father, The Priest; it not the point I want to make. Another question that we should ask before we start the discussion. Who should honour father and mother? By the word “your”, we can define that verse mention about our parent.

3.  In Oxford Dictionary define honour as:

(1) high respect; great esteem: (2) the quality of knowing and doing what is morally right: (3) something regarded as a rare opportunity and bringing pride and pleasure; a privilege:

4.  The family is a basic unit and the basic component of society; if the society is to be wholesome, the families forming such a society will have to be wholesome. The components of families are you and your immediate relatives; that is to say, your parents, brothers, sisters, and people of your family tree.  In such a structure we grow to affect and influence each other and be affected or influenced by others.

5.  In any nation, a quality of parenthood is important. It was a principle or root of any nation. A collapse of parenthood will lead a collapse of nation in near future. It measure the capability, steadfast, quality, strength, mindset of one nation. A good family will lead to a good nation/ country.

5.  A similar verse in Quran as translated:

And You Be Kind To The Parents. When One Or Both Of Them Attain Old Age In Your Life, Say Not To Them A Harsh Word Nor Scold Them, But Address Them In Terms Of Honor. And Out Of Kindness Lower To Them The Wing Of Humility And Say, “My Lord! Bestow On Them Mercy Just As They Cherished Me In Childhood.  (Surah  17:  Ayah  23-24)

6.  In my other blog, Apprentice – tag/family/ already describe many of the important point of parenthood. So, I not going to extend to write a long article on this topic.

7.  In the second sentence;

so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

I do not really sure what the meaning of the verse especially “so that you may live long in the land the LORD”. I provide few question to ponder because I also do not know how to understand the verse.

  • Is it a life are prolong because we honor our parent?
  • Or is it our life prolong because the action of honoring we live in happy live, and the life are prolong.

8.  In verse:

in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

In this verse, God also mention that the land that we currently sit, walk, work is belong to God and He giving to us, human. The reason are not mention in the verse. Based our nature of life, everything will die and return to Him. So the land that sit, stay and walk today also will be returned to Him.

To Allah We belong, and to Him is our return (translation Quran, 2:156)

Wallahu a’lam

Ten Commandments–Forth Commandments

Remember the Sabbath Day

1.  I quote from New International Version (NIV),

( 8 ) “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. ( 9 ) Six days you shall labor and do all your work, ( 10 ) but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. ( 11 ) For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. (NIV, Exodus 20:8-11)

2.  In verse 8th, we should ask and through the answer we should understand few idea. 

  • What is Sabbath?
  • When is Sabbath day?
  • What we should do in Sabbath?
  • What is the meaning of word “holy” in the verse?
  • How to keep it holy?

3.  Let observe the Christian and Jews tradition. Sabbath for Jews held on every Saturday, and Sabbath for Christian held on every Sunday. From  the verse 10th , Sabbath may define as the prayer’s day to God; and from the verse 11th it defines as the rest day from work. So, it have 2 meaning which is valid for the word. So, in my understanding, Sabbath is a day of prayer and rest day after long working.

4.  Referring to Tafsir Ibn Katsir, (The Jews breach the Sanctity of the Sabbath) , Sabbath are held on Saturday and it was Jews’s holy day and we should understand that Jews are being ask to have total rest on that day. Even, we may say today’s Jews and Moses’s Jew are two different religion or today’s Torah and Moses’s Torah are two different book. We are being teach to acknowledge and respect religion of Ibrahim, Moses, David, and Jesus and all other holy book before Quran.

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) saying, “We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the foremost on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were given the Holy Scriptures before us. And this was their day (Friday) the celebration of which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people are behind us in this respect: the Jews’ (holy day is) tomorrow (i.e. Saturday) and the Christians’ (is) the day after tomorrow (i.e. Sunday).” (translation from Sahih Muslim)

5.  In verse 11, I should agree that Muslim will never agree that “Lord rested on the seventh day”. The logic are similar to what Shabir Ally said in debate with Jay Smith <here>. The logic of Shabir Ally so simple, he said “If God die, that blasphemy, then who would run the world?”. Applying the same logic, “if God rested, who would control the world”.

6.  If we look the context of past, why Sabbath is so important? The concept of Sabbath itself is gathering, social meeting, a religious class, news exchange day, etc. The day that everyone not working and all have time to meet each other in one same place. Human is social being, human need to interacts with each others. If we look on the condition of the past, human lives far to one another. If, they do not stop working for one day, how can they have time to gather and exchange news and solve social problem among themselves. This is the development of politic and social interaction.

7.  As written in NIV, when prophet Isa (Jesus) come, he have renew the understanding of Sabbath in Matt 12: 1-14. Still, we must understand that Jesus also said :

“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.” (Matt 5:17-18)

Both verse need to be synchronize and to be read together. In Matt 12: 1-14, Jesus do not abolish“On it you shall not do any work” but to give a new understand that the meaning of “work”  which is ( 1 ) occupation; ( 2 ) something that give you a reward for doing something. The “work” are not inclusive work as plucking the grain to self eating or the heal the sickness which necessary/ urgent thing to do. The Pharisees have been exaggerated the word that actually easy and understandable to something that hard and difficult to do. 

8.  In the time where human working 24 hours and 7 day per week. People need rest and time for themselves, a day where no one call you for project, documents, paperwork, etcs.

  • A day where human can pray and worship God fully without interruption.
  • A day where every one understand “Don’t call me unless it was emergency”.
  • A day that where human can re energize back the moral and attitude after struggling to behave correctly during weekday.
  • A day where human can relearn moral lesson with stress free. A classical “continuing professional development (CPD)” in ethics, moral, manners, social politic that happen 52 times per year.
  • A day where I can be myself and relax with wife and kids.
  • A day where I can meet all the neighbor and get to know each other.

8.  In this post also, I would like to criticize some of the ritual happen in church during Sunday. Actually, why Christian singing in Church with musical band? Did Jesus teach that? Are the the speech of Priest are too boring that make church need to substitute with singing and band? If we observe the culture of Christian or our today life, in living room, we hear a MTV; in the car, we listen to car audio. There was no day without music. This is the only religion (that I learned) that have music in the worshipping place. So, what are the different if I attend a karaoke?

Wallahu a’lam

Ten Commandments–Third Commandments

(3) Not take the LORD’s name in vain

1.  The 3rd commandment are more straight forward. I refer to 2 Bible, New International Version and International Standard Version as per below.

( 7 ) “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. (NIV, Exodus 20:7)

( 7 ) “You are not to misuse the name of the LORD your God, because the LORD will not leave the one who misuses his name unpunished. (ISV, Exodus 20:7)

2.  In today reality, everyone would like to quote “God said this”, “God say that”. Some people use the word to promote the product they sell. Some people use to justify their action. So, what are actually God said and what are actually human said?

3.  When are people lying using the name of God or His prophet, the value and credibility of the religion itself are being tarnish. Lying in the name of religion and God come into categories; (1) extremist who love the religion (2) extremist who hate he religion. Commonly, the hater are easily detectable, the way they pretend and approach have a pattern that are easily noticeable. The harder problem if the one who lying is the one understand and love the religion, it hard to detect and require amount of knowledge to notice the lie.

4.  May be someone may ask – Why God can not rescue His own religion or His word? Another question we should ask to our fellow Christian. Commonly, the answer have been answered in our concept of akidah and tauhid of Islam.

5.  This command have a clear statement and easily understandable. It doesn’t say that “Do not ever use My Name” but it said “Do not misused My Name. “God don’t like this” and “God like that” are always being preach by religious people. If it was written in The Book, I don’t mind to accept it. The problem – if the fake or fabricated  “word” are come out from no where and there was no source where it being found and narrated.  

6.  Fabrication of word commonly come in the nicely, lovely and proper wording and sentence. That is why, it hard to noticeable. I remember one popular fabricated hadith that I can refer:

Seek knowledge even if you have to go as far as China

Even the meaning is good and providing a motivational idea. What wrong with the idea of going to China to learn and seeking knowledge? Nothing, right? Just because it have a good and proper meaning, it doesn’t mean it came from the mouth of our prophet. Still, fabrication are still fabrication.

Wallahu a’lam

Ten Commandments – Second Commandments

(2) No graven images or likenesses

1.  The translation of the quotation taken are sound like this:

“ ( 8 ) You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. ( 9 ) You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, (10) but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. (Deuteronomy 5 )

2.  Before we go further to explanation of verse, let we refer to word “image” in the quotation. I refer to Oxford Advance Learner Dictionary :

Image : ( 1 ) a copy of somebody/something in the form of a picture or statue. ( 2 ) a word or phrase used with a different meaning from its normal one, in order to describe something in a way that produces a strong picture in the mind (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

Understanding of the meaning of word “image” is very important because it was a core or foundation of the verse itself. The word itself have carry a lot of weight and overall view on how to understand the command.

3.  The verse is clear, no image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. What is the context of the verse? Let limit our discussion to few idea, let put the definition of image as “sculpture”, “statue”, “picture”, etc. The command also referring to image of heaven above. It inclusive of image of God Himself, angels, satanic, genie, heaven, hell, everything.

4.  A very important question. So, why God command No copy, image, statue  or even imagine Himself while at the same time commanding us to worship Him? Is it better to see and imagine God while worship? A common fundamental question that always being teaches in Akidah/Tauhid (creed) learning classes. This question is very significant. For us, Muslim we need to understand the answer clearly.

5.  You shall not bow down to them or worship them; The message very clear. Never ever bow down to image, statue, sculpture, picture, etc. In this verse bow down and worship is being separated. Is it the words have different meaning?

6. What is the meaning of word Jealous?

( 9 )….for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God,

For Muslim, most of us will not agree with the quotation. For our, God is not jealous. But we will agree that God will not tolerate with others god or goddess. God being Jealous refers to God not wanting a partner to Himself. Jealously in human terms refers to one person not wanting to enjoy what the other possesses. In terms of God, it refers to God having a Hatred for a person who ascribes partners to Him. So, the meaning to exclusive to that extended meaning only.

7.  My head spinning just to justify the below verse. I do not know where to start with. My religion do not have this idea, so it hard to figure out the verse. Seem, it have being exaggerated into the extend it can not be understand.

punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me. (10) but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. (Deuteronomy 5 )

As my only reference is biblehub.com were also do not have a reference or commentary from Christian’s scholar. So, I also surrender to give commentary about this verse.

The real truth are with God only. Wallahu a’lam.

Ten Commandments – First commandment

I am the LORD thy God, Thou shalt have no other gods

1. Let refer to 2 verse from Bible New International Version (NIV) which I quoted from Exodus and Deuteronomy 4,

2. “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. 3 “You shall have no other gods before me. (NIV, Exodus 20 & Deuteronomy 5)

2.  Both of the verse are referring to same context. In Christianity and Jewish belief, God reveal himself to Moses in Mount Horeb and spoke to Moses face to face. In Islamic context, Moses do not meet face to face with God, but he only can spoke directly to God. In Biblical context, Muslim may criticize that Bible also do not mention about Moses meet with God face to face because in Deut 5:4 mention “The Lord spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain” (NIV).  But, let us agree that, based on Biblical context, Moses have spoken with God.

3.  If we analyze the verse, this verse can be consider as the first word from God to Moses. It was an introduction of God, I am the Lord your God. As we know that Moses being raised by pharaoh who declare himself as God. For sure, pharaoh will not teach his adopted son (Moses) about other God. So, where Moses learned the religion?

4.  In same verse, Bible mention that God have brought  you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. Who is “you” in this verse? Is it “Moses” or “Jews” or “slave of Pharaoh ”? Is it you in this verse were singular or plural ?

5.  Assume we in mosque classes discussing this verse, I believe there are few question that we shall raise and criticize for us to understand the verse clearly. Few simple question that come in our mind:

  • Did God just reveal Himself on that day? Why to Moses alone? Why to Jews?
  • Why He not just reveal Himself to Copt not Jews. Is it more easier for Him to preach Egyptian who are more educated rather that slave who normally uneducated (Jews).
  • If God so powerful, why He just not killed or change Copt’s mindset. Why He need to bring an exiled prince like Moses to preach Pharaoh? Or why He just not bring a cloud and bring all Jews out from slavery. It more easier in that way, why need Moses?

We, learned Muslim may be smiling or giggling if we being asked such simple question. But, to Christian it may lead to fundamental question that very hard to answered.

6.  Based on the verse, God is exist before the event and just reveal Himself in that day. The verse also carried out God’s name, Lord. Remember in your mind, Moses don’t speak in English. So, the name itself may be vanished or lost through out translation and conversion of the word. Borrowing from English Dictionary, I would to understand the meaning of “Lord” as Lord, Master, King of kings, The Owner, The Powerful, The Great.

7.  The second verse that associate with first verse are:

You shall have no other gods before me.

It was a simple declaration but full of meaning. It was a total objection of existing of other gods. It sound like, If there are other gods other than Me, he is not god, or he is fake god. For Pharaoh, this verse shall be a rebellion action toward him who declaring himself as god. The verse also can be read as:

    • If there are a man declare as god, he is not god, he just only a man.
    • If there are a statue that people worshipped, it just a stone that can do anything.
    • If there are animal, events or thing, it just a mere thing.

8.  This is main idea of the verse, a total rejection of any statue, animal, events, things, human, nature, ghosts, that represent or being worshipped as god. If there are, it was things.